Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution 2010. Part D, Answers to policy-relevant science questions.
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The main aims of this WP will be encouraging studies more on: Developing Best Forest Management Practices towards mitigating the effects of air pollution and climate change. This includes water saving silviculture, Responses of ecosystems to extreme events like drought and floods side effects of climate change , Biodiversity influenced by changing hydrologic conditions. Hydrologic diversity and biologic diversity are very closely related subjects and affected from air pollution and climate change, Evapotranspiration and its components in changing climatic conditions or air pollution damages, Stream habitats and riparian ecosystems.
This is a very hot topic and number of papers on these subjects is growing huge. The air pollution and climate change part of it is very important, Nutrient cycle-water cycle interaction. This is sometimes ignored but water cycle is the driving mechanism in nutrient cycles, precipitation-runoff. A widely studied subject both by civil engineers and forest hydrologists. The climate change or forest damages affecting this coupling falls into the scope of suggested hydro-ecology WG, Erosion and sedimentation processes in forest ecosystems.
Erosion is sometimes a major concern for forests because roads, logging, recreation and many other forestry treatments or activities are becoming sources of erosion. Besides, sedimentation is a mechanism that is shaping stream corridors. These natural or accelerated by human impacts processes are affected from changing climatic conditions as well as forest damages caused by air pollution.
This in turn affects all stream habitats in a watershed system. Research results should be disseminated, integrated, and provided to the decision makers to ensure further support. IUFRO enables these three linkages through scientific meetings.
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The results of our last meeting in Antalya Turkey provided important insights on the research priorities on air pollution, climate change and forestry. Monitoring of climate, soil, and water as well as vegetation is mandatory to enable sufficient amount of high-quality data for modelling and assessments. These data are vital to observe the responses of ecosystems to anthropogenic stressors particularly climate change.
Being the major forestry research organization around the globe, IUFRO has a serious responsibility to provide scientific support for international issues like air pollution, climate change, biodiversity, and desertification. Modelling techniques should be improved to get more reliable results and estimations. More sophisticated ecosystem models are developed and available but not applicable to many parts of the world due to data requirements.
Simplified but reliable models are needed for widespread usage.
Air Quality - Fourth National Climate Assessment
The models should also have a linkage with management. Better management systems or options may be possible with a better understanding of ecological systems. And finally results should be available to public for taking actions. Public awareness can push decision makers to move.
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Adaptation of forest ecosystems to air pollution and climate change: a global assessment on research priorities. Total Article Views: from publication date up to now. Web Metrics Days since publication: Overall contacts: Avg. Article citations are based on data periodically collected from the Clarivate Web of Science web site last update: Aug Monitoring the effects of air pollution on forest condition in Europe: is crown defoliation an adequate indicator? Long-term monitoring of air pollution effects on selected forest ecosystems in the Bucegi-Piatra Craiului and Retezat Mountains, southern Carpathians Romania.
A meta-database comparison from various European Research and Monitoring Networks dedicated to forest sites. Availability, accessibility, quality and comparability of monitoring data for European forests for use in air pollution and climate change science. First results of a nation-wide systematic forest condition survey in Turkey. Air pollution regulations in Turkey and harmonization with the EU legislation. Adaptation of forest ecosystems to air pollution and climate change: a global assessment on research priorities Serengil et al.
Atmospheric deposition, soils and nutrient cycles Various aspects of deposition of air pollutants to forests, their effects on watershed chemistry and forest health, and management recommendations for improving sustainability of the impacted ecosystems have been subject to studies on atmospheric deposition and nutrient cycles  , . Ecological impacts and genetic aspects The topics of ecological impacts and genetic aspects ranges between the identification of stress indicative genes and the integration of genetic markers in the long-term monitoring of the response of tree populations to various abiotic and biotic stresses.
Impacts of air pollution and climate change on forest ecosystems: multiple stressors and ecosystem services Research on evaluation of multiple stressors on forest species and ecosystem health and services are emphasized under this topic. Social and Economic Aspects Social and economic aspects of forestry research -in relation with air pollution and climate change- is strongly related with the ecosystem services and their evaluation . References 1. Photochemical smog effects in mixed conifer forests along a natural gradient of ozone and nitrogen deposition in the San Bernardino Mountains.
Environment International CrossRef Gscholar. The role of ozone in global change. Annals of Botany Breda N, Badeau V Forest tree responses to extreme drought and some biotic events: Towards a selection according to hazard tolerance? Comptes Rendus Geosciences Integrated effects of air pollution and climate change on forests: A northern hemisphere perspective.
Environmental Pollution UK conifer forests may be growing faster in response to increased N deposition, atmospheric CO 2 and temperature. Foresty Challenges in integrating the concept of ecosystem services and values in landscape planning, management and decision making. Ecological Complexity 7: A typology for the classification, description and valuation of ecosystem functions, goods and services. Ecological Economics Replacing coniferous monocultures with mixed-species production stands: An assessment of the potential benefits for forest biodiversity in northern Europe.
Forest Ecology and Management Nutrient accumulation and carbon sequestration in 6-year-old hybrid poplars in multiclonal agricultural riparian buffer strips. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment Huntington TG Evidence for intensification of the global water cycle: Review and synthesis. Journal of Hydrology IPCC Fourth assessment report. The physical science basis.
Kiely G Climate change in Ireland from precipitation and streamflow observations. Advances in Water Resources Kirshbaum MF Forest growth and species distribution in a changing climate. Tree Physiology Climate change impacts, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability of European forest ecosystems. Global warming and the hydrologic cycle. Journal of Hydrology : Genetic effects of air pollution on forest tree species of the Carpathian Mountains. Modeling climate change effects on the potential production of French plains forests at the sub-regional level.
Overdieck D, Forstreuter M Evapotranspiration of beech stands and transpiration of beech leaves subject to atmospheric CO 2 enrichment.
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Panek J Ozone uptake, water loss and carbon exchange dynamics in annually drought-stressed Pinus ponderosa forests: measured trends and parameters for uptake modeling. Paoletti E, Grulke N Does living in elevated CO 2 ameliorate tree response to ozone? A review on stomatal responses. Paoletti E, Manning WJ Toward a biologically significant and usable standard for ozone that will also protect plants.
Local vs official criteria and indicators for evaluating community forest management. Forestry 80 2 : Models for forest ecosystem management: a european perspective. Annals of Botany - Light, temperature and soil moisture regimes following gap formation in a semi-natural beech-dominated forest in Denmark. Sala A, Tenhunen JD Site-specific water relations and stomata1 response of Quercus ilex in a Mediterranean watershed.